Conference Prof. Dr. Jose Luis Zofío

Title: Generalized Transport Costs, Accessibility Gains, and Road Transport Infrastructure in Spain

Speaker: Jose Luis Zofío

Date: 06/07/2016 12:00 h

Location: Sala de Seminarios, Edificio Torretamarit

Accessibility, the relative access to markets, is a strategic concept in all economic models with a spatial dimension and its prominence has been acknowledged in many economic research fields and policy debates. This paper is based on the assumption that infrastructure, through generalized transport costs between locations, drives economic accessibility and, therefore, we can assimilate a production function approach where the road network constitutes a set of inputs yielding access to markets as output.
Methodologically, we originally measure the infrastructure inputs accounting for the real used network and calculate a series of new final and intermediate demand gravity-based and locational indicators, which capture a wide range of economic transactions and represent different concepts of economic accessibility outputs. The value added of this paper is translating a non-parametric frontier approach (DEA) to a dynamic scope (Malmquist indices) by connecting the regional accessibility to the productivity of the road infrastructure inputs associated with each region. Results during 1995–2005 show a low relative accessibility of the Spanish NUTS-3 regions, although improvements have been greater over the last five years. Finally, we observe a U-inverted relationship between the accessibility gains during these years and the geographical localization.

Brief Bio:
José L. Zofío is Professor of Economics since 2014. He received his PhD in Economics from Universidad Autónoma de Madrid in 2000. His research fields of interest are Productivity and Efficiency (Stochastic Frontier Analysis and Data Envelopment Analysis), Spatial Economics (New Trade Theory and New Economic Geography), Industrial Organization (Competition Policy and Regulation), Environmental Economics and Copyright Industries. He has published many articles in international journals, led relevant research projects, and supervised several dissertations related to the above fields. A list of his most relevant publications can be found in IDEAS ( and Google Scholar.


14 December 2016